Camo, 1997, altered existing outdoor site, installation
During an Oxbox Residency sponsored by the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, I focused on works in the landscape. This small piece has remained informative to future work. The plywood arrow was existing and the work involved camophlaging the arrow using the bark of the same tree.

Winter Provisions, 2000, glass, steel, bird seed, sited in Tompkins Square Park, New York City, 4 x 4 x 8 feet, installation view
Made possible by grants from The New York City department of parks and recreation, The Society of Environmental Graphic Design, and Iron Works, NYC
During the winter of 1932-33, Stalin commenced the collectivization of agricultural regions in the soviet Union to make the nation more homogenous. As part of his plan, he oppressed the Ukrainian people, systematically eradicating their individual freedoms of culture, religion, and language. Because their land was one of the largest and most fertile in the Soviet Union, Stalin confiscated all wheat, animals and farmlands, claiming these as Soviet property. Reports vary that from 3 million to 12 million Ukrainians starved to death during the winter. Although millions starved, any existence of a famine was denied by the Soviet Government, and only recently, discovered by the public at large.

Billboard, 2004, composite photo sketch of outdoor site, photographs of work mounted on wood, 18 x 24 inches
In upstate New York, I used the landscape and a commercial venue intended for advertisements to make Billboard. Working with the ideas of adaptation and camouflage, this work is a digital study for an actual billboard project. The printed image on the billboard is the same of the view you would have if the billboard were not there. And the billboard image remains the constant, even when your vantage point changes.

Royal Pine, 1998, Little Tree air fresheners, zip ties, mounted on existing cyclone fence, installation
Installed on a cyclone fence in the East Village in New York City, this urban forest of Royal Pine smelled of chemical evergreen for a several block radius the first few days. Installed with permission by The Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, and using over 1600 Royal Pine air fresheners donated by The Little Tree Corporation.

Toll Ahead, 2008, aluminum sign posted on existing sign post, installation
Warning sign posted of impending toll ahead. Sited on 1st and Bond Streets in Brooklyn, NY, and directly across the street from the future
Toll Brothers construction site;  a proposed 500-unit luxury condominium building. The site boasts a water front view of the infamous polluted Gowanus Canal, and is host to Arsenic, Barium, Beryllium, Chromium, Creosote, Mercury, PCB’s, and Vinyl Chloride among its long list of carcinogens. Environmental and community health issues have taken a back seat to the drive for development. This construction site is located in the Gowanus neighborhood, an area of mixed use, with industry, housing projects, and modest single and 2-family homes. Connected by several bridges that cross the canal are the surrounding gentrified neighborhoods of Carroll Gardens and Park Slope, with building heights averaging 3 and 4 stories. The infrastructure of this low lying area is already overburdened as seen in its frequent flooding (both water and sewage), narrow streets used as trucking thoroughfares, and overcrowding schools.

Toll 1 (tol) n. 1. A fixed charge or tax for a privilege, esp. for passage across a bridge or along a road. 2. A charge for a service, such as a long-distance telephone call. 3. The amount or extent of loss or destruction, as of life, health, or property, caused by a disaster.—tr.v. tolled, tolling, tolls. To exact as a toll.

Toll 2 (tol) v. tolled, tolling, tolls.—tr. 1. To sound (a large bell) slowly at regular intervals. 2. To announce or summon by tolling.

Toll Brothers is a Horsham, Pennsylvania based company and the largest builder of luxury homes and luxury communities in the United States.

Thanks for your Vote, 2011, Outdoor Kiosk, Hudson, NY, installation
Voting against a proposed budget of almost 10% more than the previous year (an almost record high for the country), Hudson City School District voters defeated the district’s 2011-2012 proposed budget by 1,249 against, and only 424 for, the budget at the school budget vote Tuesday night. After tallying the votes, the school board voted in the proposed budget as the new budget, despite the votes of the taxpayers. Voters will not be able to vote again on the budget, due to the school board’s vote.  Only 18 percent of registered voters showed up to vote. Two-thirds of them voted no on the budget. Thanks for your vote.